Notes and References

Dimensions Issue 2, House of Cards

January 24, 2013

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

The Invisible Ruin

Paul R. Ehrlich and Anne H. Ehrlich

1    Ehrlich, P.R. and A.H. Ehrlich, Extinction: The Causes and Consequences of the Disappearance of Species. 1981, NY: Random House.

2    Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Current State and Trends, Volume 1. 2005, Washington, DC: Island Press.

3    Steadman, D., Prehistoric extinctions of Pacific Island birds: biodiversity meets zooarchaeology. Science, 1995. 267(24 February): p. 1123-1131.

4    Ehrlich, P.R. and L.H. Goulder, Is current consumption excessive? A general framework and some indications for the U.S. Conservation Biology, 2007. 21: p. 1145-1154.

5    Dasgupta, P., Human Well-being and the Natural Environment. 2001, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

6    Dasgupta, P., Economics: A Very Short Introduction. 2007, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

7    Bartlett, A., The arithmetic of growth: Methods of calculation. Population and Environment: A Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 1993. 14(4): p. 359-387.

8    Klare, M.T., The Race for What’s Left: The Global Scramble for the World’s Last Resources 2012, New York, NY: Metropolitan Books.

9    Ehrlich, P.R. and A.H. Ehrlich, Population, Resources, Environment: Issues in Human Ecology (Second Edition). Second ed. 1972, San Francisco: W.H. Freeman and Company.

10    Ehrlich, P.R., P.M. Kareiva, and G.C. Daily, Securing natural capital and expanding equity to rescale civilization. Nature,, 2012. 486(7 June): p. 68-73.

11    Watts, J., When a Billion Chinese Jump. 2010, New York, NY: Scribner.

More than a Commodity

Interview with Marja Spierenburg

1    in Issues and Themes in Anthropology

2    Daniels, T., A. Muhar, A. Arnberger, O. Aznar, J.W. Boyd, K.M.A. Chan, R. Costanza, T. Elmqvist, C.G. Flint, P.H. Gobster, A. Grêt-Regamey, R. Lave, S. Muhar, M. Penker, R.G. Ribe, T. Schauppenlehner, T. Sikor, I. Soloviy, M. Spierenburg, K. Taczanowska, J. Tam, & A. von der Dunk (2012) Contributions of cultural services to the ecosystem services agenda, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, 109(23): 8812-8819.

3    See e.g. Brooks, S., M. Spierenburg, L. van Brakel, A. Kolk, & K.B. LuKhozi (2011) Creating a commodified wilderness: Tourism, private game farming, and ‘third nature’ landscapes in KwaZulu-Natal, Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geografie, 102(3), 260-274.

4     Ring, I. et al. 2010. Challenges in framing the economics of ecosystems and biodiversity: The TEEB Initiative. Current Opinion on Environmental Sustainability 2: 15–26.

What’s it Worth?

Pages 42-43

1    http://www.care2.com/causes/epa-puts-the-value-of-human-life-at-9-1-million-fda-says-7-9-million.html and http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1808049,00.html

2    http://content.onlinejacc.org/article.aspx?articleID=1358197#07017_gr4

3    http://bottomline.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/04/01/10922752-countries-that-spend-the-most-on-health-care?lite

4    http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/aug/08/rhino-horn-thefts-chinese-medicine

5    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/wildlife/9525512/Rhinos-under-24-hour-armed-guard.html#

6    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080915122725.htm

7    http://about.puma.com/puma-completes-first-environmental-profit-and-loss-account-which-values-impacts-at-e-145-million/

8    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-19937044

Page 44

1    http://www.nwf.org/News-and-Magazines/National-Wildlife/News-and-Views/Archives/2005/How-Much-Is-Clean-Water-Worth.aspx   

2    http://www.fineliquids.com/shop/index.php?main_page=index&cPath=36_101

3    http://bottomline.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/04/01/10922752-countries-that-spend-the-most-on-health-care?lite

4    http://www.savethechildren.org/site/c.8rKLIXMGIpI4E/b.6373627/k.A31D/Cholera_Outbreak.htm

5    http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/really-quite-disastrous/2012/05/26/gJQAhIKqsU_story.html

Page 45

1    http://www.abc.net.au/environment/articles/2011/02/17/3140622.htm

2    http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-12-22/bp-gulf-oil-spill-judge-approves-7-8-billion-settlement.html

3    http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/cif-green/2009/jun/09/saro-wiwa-shell

4    http://www.thechinaexpat.com/how-much-does-it-cost-to-clean-up-a-dirty-lake-in-china/

Page 46

1    http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2012/10/10/science.1229803.abstract

2    http://een.anu.edu.au/download_files/een0601.pdf

3    http://about.puma.com/puma-completes-first-environmental-profit-and-loss-account-which-values-impacts-at-e-145-million/

4    http://www.pwc.co.uk/economic-services/publications/teeb-for-business-summary.jhtml

The City as Urban Reef

José Edgardo Abaya Gomez, Jr.

1    Carson, Rachel. 1962. Silent Spring, Chapter 2.

2    In the popular TV and movie series, this colonial alien creature has the ability to evolve and instantly pass on physical immunities to members of its race, learned vicariously from the killing of its brethren. Thus, it becomes ever harder to defeat.

3    Freund, Jürgen and Chiu-Freund, Stella. (2011) The Coral Triangle. WWF-Indonesia and ADB.

4    Hardin, Garrett. (1968) The Tragedy of the Commons. Science, Volume 162, Number 3859, pp.1243-1248.

When a tree falls in a forest and it does not make a sound

Marta Berbés-Blázquez

1     “Pesticide use by country”, World Resources Institute. Retrieved from http://www.NationMaster.com/graph/agr_pes_use-agriculture-pesticide-use

2     Holling, C.S. and Meffe, G. K. (1996), Command and Control and the Pathology of Natural Resource Management. Conservation Biology, 10 (2): 328–337.

3     Atlas del Desarrollo Humano Cantonal en Costa Rica (2011). Retrieved from http://pnud.or.cr/mapacantonal/

4     Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INEC) (2009) Cifras básicas sobre pobreza e ingresos. San Jose, Costa Rica.

5     FAOSTAT (2010). Commodities by country: Costa Rica. Retrieved from http://faostat.fao.org/site/339/default.aspxx

One Planet—Many Futures

Ruenda Loots

1    Every year WWF publishes a science-based report on the health of our planet. You can find these reports at: www.panda.org

2    The article by Johan Rockström (and others) is called “A safe operating space for humanity”

3    A brilliant South African naturalist, psychiatrist and former Springbok rugby player

4    An essay on Ecosystem Services by Blake Robinson will be published in 2012. This collection of essays on Stellenbosch will be available at: www.sustainabilityinstitute.net

5    Working for Water, Biodiversity and Wine Initiative, Cape Action for People and the Environment (C.A.P.E)—to name a few

6    For more inspiring examples: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Payment_for_ecosystem_services

7    Read all about it: www.biomimicry.net

Did you know that... ?

1    http://www.scidev.net/en/features/biodiversity-facts-and-figures-1.html

2    http://www.scidev.net/en/features/biodiversity-facts-and-figures-1.html

3    http://www.scidev.net/en/features/biodiversity-facts-and-figures-1.html

4    http://www.scidev.net/en/features/biodiversity-facts-and-figures-1.html

5    http://www.idrc.ca/EN/Resources/Publications/Pages/ArticleDetails.aspx?PublicationID=565

6    http://www.idrc.ca/EN/Resources/Publications/Pages/ArticleDetails.aspx?PublicationID=565

7    http://www.idrc.ca/EN/Resources/Publications/Pages/ArticleDetails.aspx?PublicationID=565

8    http://www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/ioc-oceans/priority-areas/rio-20-ocean/blueprint-for-the-future-we-want/marine-biodiversity/facts-and-figures-on-marine-biodiversity/

9    http://www.iucn.org/knowledge/focus/biodiversity_upfront/?8929/Facts-and-figures-on-biodiversity

10    http://www.iucn.org/knowledge/focus/biodiversity_upfront/?8929/Facts-and-figures-on-biodiversity

11    http://www.iucn.org/knowledge/news/biocuriosities/